The Bathurst Mining Camp is one of the largest volcanogenic massive sulphide (VMS) camps in the world covering approximately 3,800 km2, hosting 95 (Cu, Pb, Zn, Ag Au) occurrences and 45 deposits. The host geology is referred to as the Bathurst Supergroup and consists of four coeval groups of volcanic and sedimentary rocks, namely the Tetagouche, California Lake, Sheephouse Brook Groups, and the Fournier Supergroup. 41 of the deposits occur within the Tetagouche and California Lake Groups, the Spruce Lake Formation of the California Lake Group represented by the large orange pattern present on both the Nine Mile Brook and Canoe Landing Lake West project maps
With mineral deposition occurring approximately 470 million years ago, the camp has undergone significant structural activity with mineralization folded, faulted and remobilized. Due to the complex environment, most geologists believe only 30% of potential deposits have been located to date. With 70% yet to be discovered including, as consensus believes, another giant such as the Brunswick 12 (335 Million Tonnes), innovative technology will play a key role especially in a camp with 1% outcrop.
Going forward, successful exploration requires continued advancements in technology and processing to identify viable, subsurface deposits.